B.Sc in Biomedical Engineering (Upcoming)
Background: Biomedical Engineering is the application of engineering principles and technology to medicine and medical devices. Medical and BME integrates physical, mathematical and life sciences with engineering principles for the study of biology, medicine and health systems and for the application of technology to improve health and quality of life. It creates knowledge from molecular to organ systems levels, develops materials, devices, systems, information approaches, technology management and methods for assessment and evaluation of technology, for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, for health-care delivery and for patient care and rehabilitation.A Biomedical Engineer is a professional who supports and advances patient care by applying engineering and managerial skills to healthcare technology. Biomedical Engineers combine engineering principles with sciences to design and create equipment, devices, computer systems, and software.
Main Areas of Biomedical Engineering
There are many sub disciplines within biomedical engineering, including the design and development of active and passive medical devices, orthopedic implants, medical imaging, biomedical signal processing, tissue and stem cell engineering, and clinical engineering, just to name a few.
Scope of Work for Biomedical Engineers
- National and Multinational Medical instrumentation companies.
- Government and Private Hospitals.
- Diagnostic Centers.
- Domestic Pharmaceutical Industry.
- Software and hardware engineering in Medicine.
- Medical device industry.
- Innovative design and development.
- Research and development.
- Equipment testing and field servicing.
- Clinical patient evaluation.
- Technical documentation.
- Hospital equipment selection and support for Procurement and Purchase.
How to Become a Biomedical Engineer: Any HSC candidate with a CGPA of 2.5 or higher is eligible to apply for the Biomedical Engineering BSc program (BME).
Bioengineers and biomedical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering or in a related engineering field. Some positions require a master’s degree in biomedical engineering.
Status and Demand
Status and Demand of Biomedical Engineering in Bangladesh:
There’s a rising demand for biomedical engineers which is fueled by an ageing population and a low birth rate in developed countries. Biomedical engineers are required to push forward with developing new technologies in the medical sector, from 3-D printing and advanced prostheses to hip replacements and artificial body organs.
In Bangladesh Biomedical Engineering is an emerging and open field. As a developing country with a large population, there are many problems to be solved in the healthcare sector using technology. According to the WHO, 1 BME is needed for per 100 beds in hospital and 1 BME is need 25,000 patients but Biomedical Engineering Department is only in 2% universities of Bangladesh.
In Bangladesh, every government medical college has a post of biomedical engineer (http://bme.buet.ac.bd/?page_id=1965). Still ther is no governmental post for BME. There is severe shortage of graduate biomedical engineer in the country till now, in many cases the post is being run leaving the post vacant or filled by diploma in EEE. There are job opportunities in government medical colleges of the country as a graduate biomedical engineer. There are also jobs in other reputed private hospitals and diagnostic centres.
Another big field in Bangladesh is the pharmaceutical sector and Garments sector. Drug delivery (how drugs or medicine go inside the body and how it is being absorbed by the human body) covers a huge part of the work of those who do research in the pharmaceutical sector. And biomedical engineers also spend a large portion of their time studying or researching drug delivery. So a BME graduate can be a big place in the domestic pharmaceutical industry. There are also opportunities to work as a researcher in various research programs run by the government. There are opportunities to work as a biomedical engineer in the Army Engineering Corps.
In addition, companies that manufacture or import medical devices in the country also have a wide range of job opportunities as engineers. For example, Siemens, Hitachi Ltd, JMI Group, ABC Ltd, Transmed Ltd, Medtronic Ltd. Etc are looking to give jobs to biomedical graduates.
Probably the biggest opportunity in the country is the opportunity to become an Entrepreneur. Since the country is still importing more than making medical devices – if it is possible to create industrial establishments in the country, it will be considered as a pioneer in the context of the country and the country will be free from import dependence.
Current Status of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering Program in Bangladesh
In Bangladesh there are 37 public and 92 private universities, currently eight universities (7 Public and 1 Private) offer BSc program on biomedical engineering. United International University (UIU) will be the second private university having such programs both in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering.
United International University (UIU) is a top-ranked private university approved by the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and University Grants Commission (UGC) established Centre for Biomedical Science and Engineering (CBMSE) in collaboration with Alo Bhubon Trust (Alo-BT) and Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany.