M.Sc in Medical Physics (Upcoming)
The cancer burden continues to grow globally, exerting tremendous physical, emotional and financial strain on individuals, families, communities and health systems. Many health systems in low- and middle-income countries are least prepared to manage this burden, and large numbers of cancer patients globally do not have access to timely quality diagnosis and treatment. Bangladesh, at 160 million people, is the ninth most populous country in the world. There are 13 to 15 lakh cancer patients in Bangladesh, with about two lakh patients newly diagnosed with cancer each year.
The treatment of cancer continues to rest largely on three major modalities: surgery, radiotherapy and systemic therapies, including chemotherapy. To these we can add a number of other approaches: immunotherapy, targeted therapy and gene therapy. More than a century after the discovery of radium, radiation medicine interventions continue to play a major role in the various stages of the continuum of cancer care: prevention, early detection and screening, diagnosis, treatment and palliative care. In this context, radiotherapy is an important contribution to the cure of many patients and to effective palliation in many others. Radiotherapy is currently an essential component in the management of cancer patients, either alone or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy, both for cure and for palliation. Of those cancer patients who are cured, it is estimated that 49% are cured by surgery, about 40% by radiotherapy alone or combined with other modalities, and 11% by chemotherapy alone or combined. According to international rules, a team consisting of physicians, medical physicists, radiotherapy technicians and nurses are necessary and mandatory for Radiotherapy treatment.
On the other hand, Biomedical engineering impacts health care and contributes to fundamental knowledge in medicine and biology by applying engineering principles and methods to medical problems.. Biomedical engineers need a solid foundation in the biological sciences as well as a firm grasp of engineering principles and techniques. It’s important for students to have access to interconnected engineering, medical, and business resources.
Biomedical engineering focuses on saving and improving lives. By pursuing a career as a bioengineer or in a related field, you can help develop the next device or procedure to have a positive impact on the world.
Policy, such as through regulation and research funding, has the potential to dramatically affect biomedical engineering research and commercialization. New developments, in turn, may affect society in new ways
Main Areas of Medical Physics
The main areas of medical physics are the treatment of cancer by ionizing radiation (radiation oncology), diagnostic imaging with x-rays, ultrasound and nuclear magnetic resonance (diagnostic radiology), diagnostic imaging with radioisotopes (nuclear medicine), and the study of radiation hazards and radiation protection (health physics).
Scope of Work for Medical Physicists
- Radiotherapy Department in all public and private hospitals
- Radiology and Imaging Dept. of Diagnostic Centers.
- Nuclear Medicine Center
- Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission.
- Hospital-based research establishments.
- Health care facilities, medical clinics, and private practices.
- Universities, Research Institute or Polytechnic Institute. government, and industry
- Huge Demand in foreign countries.
- Diagnostic or medical instrumentation manufacturers
- Training Centre.
How to Become a Medical Physicist: Physics and mathematics are two disciplines that must be taken in order to apply for a two-year MSc in Medical Physics. Any candidate with a B.Sc. honors degree in physics or engineering (CGPA of at least 3) /science background is eligible to apply. Those who do not have a background in physics or mathematics must take a prerequisite course.
Demand of Medical Physics in Bangladesh
Demand of Medical Physics in Bangladesh:
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), for every million people, two teletherapy devices and one brachytherapy machine are required. To provide an appropriate standard of radiotherapy treatment for 160 million people, Bangladesh now requires 160 radiotherapy facilities, 320 teletherapy, and 160 brachytherapy devices. This will necessitate the acquisition of at least 700 qualified medical physicists.
Presently, in Bangladesh, there are 16 radiotherapy departments of which external beam therapy is provided in 15 centres with 13 Co-60 radiotherapy machines and with 13 linear accelerators and 8 brachytherapy units. At present, there is only 150 radiation oncologist and 30 medical physicists are employed in different Radiotherapy departments.
Meanwhile, 12 new positions have been created in three different public hospitals. The three hospitals are the National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital (NICRH), the National Institute of Neuroscience and Hospital (NINH), and Dhaka Medical College & Hospital (DMCH). All private radiotherapy centers, on the other hand, are run by a professional Medical Physicist.
The government now recognizes the importance of strengthening this workforce and establishing more cancer centers at the district, upazila, and union levels. In the year 2022, eight new 15-story cancer centers will be built in eight districts (Source: | The Daily Star Bangla). This condition provides a significant development challenge.
Current Status of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering Program in Bangladesh
In Bangladesh there are 37 public and 92 private universities, currently eight universities (7 Public and 1 Private) offer BSc program on biomedical engineering. United International University (UIU) will be the second private university having such programs both in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering.
United International University (UIU) is a top-ranked private university approved by the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and University Grants Commission (UGC) established Centre for Biomedical Science and Engineering (CBMSE) in collaboration with Alo Bhubon Trust (Alo-BT) and Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany.